How to Protect the Health of Teeth in Infancy?
Infancy refers to the period when the baby is 0 to 3 years old. At this time, the biggest change in the mouth is from no teeth to teeth. Maintaining dental health in infancy is conducive to balanced intake of nutrition, developing good eating habits and ensuring normal growth and development of the whole body. And infancy is the key period of learning language. Healthy and neatly arranged deciduous teeth are the physiological basis of baby’s normal pronunciation.
How can we protect the dental health of infants and young children?
1. After the baby is born, parents should scrub the baby’s mouth with soft gauze every day, which can effectively prevent oral Candida albicans infection. After the teeth sprout, you can gently scrub the baby’s mouth and teeth with gauze or soft brush. When multiple teeth sprout, parents can brush their baby’s teeth twice a day with finger brush or soft bristle brush, and ensure that all tooth surfaces of the upper and lower jaw, especially those close to the gum edge are cleaned.
2. 2-year-old baby will want to brush his teeth by himself, but parents should understand that the motor ability of his hands has not been formed at this age, so he can’t really brush his teeth well. Therefore, parents should brush their baby’s teeth at least twice a day.
3. The 3-year-old baby can teach the correct method of brushing teeth. Sometimes the baby won’t be conscious when he learns it. Parents must supervise and urge him. Choose FDA food grade silicone baby teething toothbrush supplier for safe and health.
Improper feeding can harm tooth health
1. Breast milk is the best natural food for infants. Compared with artificial feeding, breast-feeding has a low risk of dental caries. Feeding posture will affect the growth and development of infants’ jaw and face. It is best to hold and feed.
2. Feeding bottle is an artificial feeding device. Placing the bottle too high or too low may cause dental deformity. Appropriate pacifiers should be selected during bottle feeding to avoid too large holes and milk flowing out without sucking, so that the baby’s masticatory muscles will not get due exercise, which is not conducive to the normal development of mouth and jaw. After the eruption of deciduous teeth, do not let the baby contain a bottle with sweet milk or sweet drinks for a long time, especially do not sleep with a bottle, otherwise it will cause caries in infants and young children. After 1 year of age, the use of milk bottles should be minimized, and only water and sugar free milk can be filled in the bottle. Use cups or spoons to feed sugary liquids (such as sweet milk, fruit juice, honey water, etc.).
3. Whether breast-feeding or artificial feeding, infants cannot sleep and feed, because long-term sleep and feeding may lead to excessive protrusion of the mandible and maladjustment of the position of the maxilla and mandible. Clinically, it can be seen that many babies have reverse jaw due to sleeping and feeding.
Pay attention to safety and beware of accidents
1 to 3-year-old baby’s behavior and movement ability and limb coordination are not very good, and lack of experience in things, so the guardian should always pay attention to prevent the baby’s accidents and damage to the baby’s teeth.
Babies should pay attention to a balanced diet and be not picky about eating, especially eat more vegetables, fresh fruits and other foods with high fiber content and rich nutrition. In this way, it is not only conducive to the self-cleaning effect of teeth and not easy to suffer from caries, but also conducive to the growth and development of oral and maxillofacial areas, promote the orderly arrangement of teeth and enhance the chewing function.
Infants receive oral health examination and oral hygiene guidance every six months from the beginning of tooth eruption. Infants should be taken to the hospital by their parents for dental examination within 6 months after the first tooth eruption. Ask the doctor to help judge the child’s tooth eruption, assess the risk of dental caries, and provide targeted oral health guidance. If dental caries and other oral diseases are found, they should be diagnosed and treated as soon as possible. After that, check the teeth every six months.